Martial Arts

asia | Oil Wrestling

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작성자 WoMAU 작성일20-03-13 1,558회 댓글0건

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Oil Wrestling

Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival

Member Organization(s)

Introduction

The Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival takes place in Edirne, Turkey. Thousands of people from different age groups, cultures, and regions travel every year to see Pehlivan(wrestlers)'s fight for the Kırkpınar Golden Belt and the title of Chief Pehlivan. Each festival is launched by its patron, the Kırkpınar Aga, in a ceremony featuring forty bands of davul drums and zurna shawms. The golden belt is carried through the city in a procession, followed by prayers recited in the Selimiye Mosque. The wrestling bouts customarily take place at the Mens Field. The master of ceremonies introduces the Pehlivans to the audience, reciting in verse their names, titles, and skills. Next, the oilman oils the wrestlers assisted by the towel holder, before the warm-up exercises and greetings. The wrestlers each wear kıspet, thick trousers made of water buffalo or cow leather. As the wrestling takes place, the drum and shawm bands play the traditional repertoire of the festival. Kırkpınar oil wrestling is open to men from all cultures, regions, and ages without discrimination between religion, language, or race. Pehlivans are considered exemplary figures in society with attributes such as generosity, honesty, respectfulness and adherence to traditions and customs. All Pehlivans are trained in the master-apprentice tradition.

History

Turks began oil wrestling in the 13th century. It was started in the region of Rumelia(southwestern part of Turkey) and then adopted by Turks living in Anatolia.

According to the tradition, two of Suleyman Pasha's soldiers played the oil-wrestling but no one could not beat each other for a whole day of wrestle. In the end, they both died from exhaustion. Their fellow soldiers then buried them under a fig tree. After many years, the soldiers witnessed a wide meadow and a spring had appeared where their two friends were buried. The Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival was formed to commemorate it.

It was designated as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO in 2010.

References

ilove_turkey (25 July 2016). 655년의 전통, 오일을 바른 남자의 한판 승부!. 네이버 블로그

Kırkpınar oil wrestling festival. UNESCO ICH.

Turkish Wrestling Federation (2019). WoMAU membership application form.

World Martial Arts Museum. Chungju, Korea.

    크르크프나르 오일 레슬링 축제. 유네스코와 유산. 

 





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