Martial Arts

asia | Zurkhaneh

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작성자 WoMAU 작성일20-03-05 2,333회 댓글1건

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Zurkhaneh

Zurkhaneh Sports and Koshti Pahlavani, Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei Rituals

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Introduction

Pahlavani is an Iranian martial art that combines elements of Islam, Gnosticism, and ancient Persian beliefs. It describes a ritual collection of gymnastic and callisthenic movements performed by ten to twenty men, each wielding instruments symbolizing ancient weapons. The ritual takes place in a Zurkhaneh(meaning House of Strength), a sacred domed structure with an octagonal sunken arena and audience seats. The Morshed(master) who leads the Pahlavani ritual, performs epic and Gnostic poems and beats out time on a Zarb goblet drum. The poems he recites transmit ethical and social teachings and constitute part of Zurkhaneh literature. Participants in the Pahlavani ritual may be drawn from any social strata or religious background, and each group has strong ties to its local community, working to assist those in need. During training, students are instructed in ethical and chivalrous values under the supervision of a Pīshkesvat(champion). Those who master the individual skills and arts, observe religious principles and pass ethical and moral stages of Gnosticism may acquire the prominent rank of Pahlevanī(hero), denoting rank and authority within the community. At present, there are about 500 Zurkhanehs across Iran, each comprising practitioners, founders, and a number of Pīshkesvats.





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